Lipocalin-2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human General Information
1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions).
QPCR Primer Description:
Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene.
Application & Quality
SYBR® Green-based quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).
The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche Applied-science LightCycler® 480 Ⅱ.
Storage & Shipping
Lyophilized qPCR primer mix is shipped at ambiente temperatura
The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
***Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.***
Features and Advantages
Unique Primer Design
To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.
Strict Validation Process
Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.
Uniform PCR conditions, Saving time and cost
~100% amplification curve, ensuring the accuracy of the RNA quantitative
Lipocalin-2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human Alternative Names
24p3 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;Lipocalin-2 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;MSFI qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;NGAL qPCR Primer Pairs, Human;p25 qPCR Primer Pairs, Human
Lipocalin-2 Background Information
Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), also known as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), is a 25 kDa protein belonging to the lipocalin superfamily. It was initially found in activated neutrophils, however, many other cells, like kidney tubular cells, may produce NGAL in response to various insults. This protein is released from injured tubular cells after various damaging stimuli, is already known by nephrologists as one of the most promising biomarkers of incoming Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). Recent evidence also suggests its role as a biomarker in a variety of other renal and non-renal conditions. Moreover, recent studies seem to suggest a potential involvement of this factor also in the genesis and progression of chronic kidney diseases. NGAL is the first known mammalian protein which specifically binds organic molecules called siderophores, which are high-affinity iron chelators. NGAL, first known as an antibacterial factor of natural immunity, and an acute phase protein, is currently one of the most interesting and enigmatic proteins involved in the process of tumor development. acting as an intracellular iron carrier and protecting MMP9 from proteolytic degradation, NGAL has a clear pro-tumoral effect, as has already been observed in different tumors (e.g. breast, stomach, oesophagus, brain) in humans. In thyroid carcinomas, NGAL is strongly induced by NF-kB, an important factor involved both in tumor growth and in the link between chronic inflammation and neoplastic development. Thus, Lipocalin-2 (LCN2/NGAL) has been implicated in a variety of processes including cell differentiation, proliferation, survival and morphogenesis.
Schmidt-Ott KM, et al. (2006) Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-mediated iron traffic in kidney epithelia. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 15(4): 442-9.Bolignano D, et al. (2010) Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in human neoplasias: a new protein enters the scene. Cancer Lett. 288(1): 10-6.Soni SS, et al. (2010) NGAL: a biomarker of acute kidney injury and other systemic conditions. Int Urol Nephrol. 42(1): 141-50.Bolignano D, et al. (2010) From kidney to cardiovascular diseases: NGAL as a biomarker beyond the confines of nephrology. Eur J Clin Invest. 40(3): 273-6.