CD11, also known as c-MPL, is a 635 amino acid transmembrane domain, with two extracellular cytokine receptor domains and two intracellular cytokine receptor box motifs. It is expressed at a low level in a large number of cells of hematopoietic origin. C-MPL is homologous with members of the hematopoietic receptor superfamily. Presence of anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides of c-mpl inhibited megakaryocyte colony formation. Thrombopoietin is the ligand for c-mpl. It was shown to be the major regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis and platelet formation. Defects in c-MPL are a cause of congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopeniawhich is a disease characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia and megakaryocytopenia with no physical anomalies. Defects in c-MPL also cause thrombocythemia type 2 and myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia.
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Mignotte V., et al., (1994), Structure and transcription of the human c-mpl gene (MPL).Genomics 20:5-12.
Gregory S.G., et al.,(2006), The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.Nature 441:315-321.
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