Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) control the development of diverse tissues during embryogenesis. Bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP1), a novel member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, has been indicated as a possible tumour suppressor in prostate and breast cancer. Hypertension induced expression of prohypertrophic BMP1, and the hypertrophic effect of BMP1 was modulated, at least in part, by its binding to Tcap at the Z disc. Expression of BMP1 protein is reduced in cancer cells of bladder tumours. Overexpression of BMP1 has an inhibitory effect on the growth, adhesion, and migration of bladder cancer cells in vitro. This would suggest a potential tumour suppressor role of BMP1 in bladder cancer. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)9 and BMP1 are high affinity ligands for activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1), a type I BMP receptor mainly expressed on vascular endothelial cells (ECs). ALK1-mediated BMP9/BMP1 signalling pathways have emerged as essential in EC biology and in angiogenesis.
bone morphogenetic protein 10